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STEM (ming) socio-economic stagnation

For a country like Pakistan which suffers from chronic shortages of capital, energy and technology, the three most important ingredients needed to achieve sustainable growth, its salvation lies in making…

Need for ‘green economic recovery’

For a while in the early stages of the Covid-19 pandemic, there were high hopes for a V-shaped recovery. After a brief but sweeping lock down to stanch the spread…

Need for a ‘new normal’ economic recovery

The pre-Covid world was a neoliberal world, which exacerbated income inequality between the rich and poor within countries, and the gap between the developed and developing countries in general. This…

Informal banking: economic coercion

Pakistan is a country of contradictions. When we count the population for the purposes of allocation of seats in the assemblies and allocation of funds under the National Finance Commission…