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The Calculus Of Ordinances

The calculus of ordinances

The promulgation of the Pakistan International Airlines Corporation (Conversion) Ordinance on Dec 7, merely 48 hours before the National Assembly was to begin its session, has once again stoked debate…

FBR: Dwindling tax collection

Pakistan has one of the world’s lowest tax ratios, stemming from five main weaknesses: complexity, a narrow tax base, low compliance, inefficient tax administration, and low and declining provincial tax…

A look at the 15th National Assembly

With the 15th National Assembly completing its five-year term, the prospects for timely and free and fair elections to vote in the next National Assembly have darkened. The National Assembly’s…

What was the PTI?

In Pakistan, successful political parties are able to push the content and style of their politics off at a new tangent every time. They are able to reshape their identity…

HEC: the good and the bad

The Higher Education Commission (HEC) boasts of the unprecedented development it has brought in the country’s higher education sector. Statistics such as the increase in the number of PhDs and…

Constitutional amendments: Part – III

The sixth constitutional amendment – passed in December 1976 – made a mockery of the constitution. It allowed the chief justice of the Supreme Court and high courts to complete…

Constitutional amendments – Part II

In 1975, with the National Awami Party (NAP) banned and all its properties and funds forfeited, the consequences of the early constitutional amendments came to the fore. While drafting the…

FBR: Dwindling tax collection Jan 06, 2023

Pakistan has one of the world’s lowest tax ratios, stemming from five main weaknesses: complexity, a narrow tax base, low compliance, inefficient tax administration, and low and declining provincial tax…