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End of humanity?

With the gradual and inevitable integration of artificial intelligence, human civilization is undergoing unprecedented changes. The question of whether we are witnessing the final phase of genuine humanity has become…

Debt, inequality and austerity

In most western countries, inequality is rising, and social mobility has stalled. Our citizens are losing purchasing power. They are struggling to find a decent job, to buy a proper…

An infernal island

The Guantanamo Bay detention centre remains a sordid emblem of torture, indefinite incarceration and gross human right violations. The Presidential Military Order that enabled it was “to detain and try…

Punishment and law

Law and punishment are very different concepts and should not be unduly amalgamated. The function of law is the codification of norms, definition of rights and obligations, creation of mechanisms…

Law and literature

Which is better – the spoken word of law or the written word of law? In the modern world this may not be a relevant question. We accept whatever as…

War and peace

Today is the International Day of Peace, as declared by the United Nations. It recalls the noble words of its 1945 Charter to save us ‘from the scourge of war’.…

Religion and respect

All religions of the world are equally respectable and no one has the right to pass derogatory remarks on any religion. However, it is highly unfortunate that lack of tolerance…

The state and the disappeared

Enforced disappearances, also known as involuntary disappearances, are a persistent problem across Pakistan. It has been revealed by the Commission of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearances (COIED) that it has received…

New PM and reforms agenda

Pakistan needs all out fundamental structural reforms in all areas of governance. However, the most important and immediate is political stability — the main challenge faced by the 23rd Prime…

Global economic crisis and Neoliberalism

‘The global multilateral economic system has been stress tested twice this century. The first time was with the 2008 global economic meltdown; the second – with the COVID-19 pandemic. And…