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UN could administer over $3bn in funds to aid Venezuela

Venezuelan politicians are discussing proposals for a fund that could release over $3 billion to provide humanitarian aid to Venezuela through the United Nations, in a process that also involves officials from the US State and Treasury Departments, according to nine people close to the talks.

The proposals offer a potential way to revive stalled political dialogue in Venezuela, and come as more Venezuelans try to reach the United States, creating clashes among US politicians over immigration.

Migrants arriving at the US-Mexico border are prompting discussions on unfreezing Venezuelan funds held in foreign banks that would provide needed food and medicine, the sources told Reuters. The sources were not authorized to speak publicly on the topic.

According to the National Survey of Living Conditions (ENCOVI), conducted by Venezuelan universities, 94% of Venezuelans were living last year in poverty, while over half experienced moderate to severe food insecurity.

Some analysts and rights groups have said US and Western sanctions have exacerbated the country’s deep economic crisis.

In 2019, the United States under former President Donald Trump and other Western countries imposed sanctions on Venezuela to block President Nicolas Maduro’s government from accessing oil revenue, freezing billions of dollars in Venezuela-government owned accounts overseas.

Washington and some European allies see the move of releasing the funds as essential to secure a “social agreement” between Venezuela’s government and its political opposition, the sources said.

The US State and Treasury departments and Venezuela’s information ministry did not reply to requests for comment.

The United Nations continues to urge Venezuela and the opposition to engage in “an inclusive and meaningful dialogue that leads to negotiated solutions, with human rights as a central component,” said spokesman Stephane Dujarric. He did not comment on whether the UN has agreed to manage an aid program.

“Resource mobilization remains a key challenge,” he said, adding plans for 2022-2023 aid are 16.5% funded, and the UN is calling for support.

US National Security Council spokesperson Adrienne Watson told Reuters that any discussions on providing humanitarian aid to Venezuelans is being led by Venezuelans. “We stand ready, consistent with US law, to calibrate our sanctions policy on the basis of a Venezuelan-led process.”

President Joe Biden’s administration has said any sanction easing on Venezuela would only come after Maduro moves in a concrete way to restore democracy.

A UN-administered fund first was proposed by Maduro in 2020, when he called for a “legally binding international instrument on development” to overcome poverty and inequality. Later, he has tried unsuccessfully to release funds around the globe.

Maduro’s calls did not stir action amid Trump’s “maximum pressure” strategy to oust him.

Washington has provided $1.94 billion in humanitarian aid to Venezuela and nations sheltering Venezuelans since 2017, but the money has done little to curb migration with over 6 million Venezuelans fleeing the country.

The new fund could face opposition from some hardliners in the US Congress who support continued pressure on Maduro. It also has some in Venezuela’s opposition parties worried about the political impact of releasing funds that Maduro could claim credit for ahead of a potential 2024 presidential election.

The Department of Homeland Security is now only allowing entry from Venezuela or a third country for applicants with family members living legally in the United States.

U.S officials have argued the aid fund could keep Venezuelans from fleeing by improving living conditions through better access to food, medicine and health care, and financing infrastructure projects to fix Venezuela’s unstable power grid, the sources said.

The United Nations drafted a first proposal to oversee the fund in mid-October, the sources told Reuters. US officials and opposition leaders have since tapped international development banks, think tanks and experts to study proposals.

The launch date and many details remain uncertain. But the fund could be publicly disclosed once envoys from Maduro and the opposition progress in Mexico towards presidential elections, two of the people said.

Opposition envoys discussed the aid package with US officials during their meetings last week in Washington, four of the sources said. US officials also approached Maduro’s government on the topic, according to two others.

The possibility of Venezuelan money flowing again for imports and investments is drawing attention from creditors and holders of Venezuelan debt.

Organizations, including the Inter-American Development Bank and the Development Bank of Latin America, which have helped handle funds or contributed to key aid projects in other nations, are among Venezuela’s creditors. There are billions of dollars in loans and credit lines that have gone unpaid.

For the United Nations, it could become one of the largest funds ever handled, even though the total amount that could be legally released is not clear.Reuters

Marianna Parraga, Mayela Armas and Matt Spetalnick, "UN could administer over $3bn in funds to aid Venezuela," Business recorder. 2022-10-27.
Keywords: Economics , Development Bank , Venezuelan funds , Political dialogue , Donald Trump , United States , America , United Nations , ENCOVI , US , UN

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