European savers are pulling more of their money from banks, looking for a better deal as lenders resist paying up to hold on to deposits some feel they can currently live without.
The trend emerged as some of the region’s biggest lenders outlined a profitable start to the year in results that also offered a glimpse of a phenomenon dubbed a “bank walk” – a slow but notable outflow of customer cash.
Lenders wasted little time in charging more for loans when interest rates rapidly rose from an almost 15-year slumber around zero last year, but most have dragged their feet on boosting deposit rates paid to millions of their customers.
That has boosted profits at many major banks beyond many analysts’ expectations but left savers disgruntled, raising fresh questions over the longer-term stability of the sector.
“Traditional banks need to decide whether to maximise their return by keeping rates on deposits as low as possible, or to prioritise their liquidity and stability by increasing rates and retaining customers’ funds,” Nicola Marinelli, assistant professor of finance at Regent’s University London, said.
Money market funds are proving popular among savers seeking bigger returns on their cash as high levels of inflation persist. In recent years, returns on these funds have only narrowly beaten bank deposit rates but the Crane sterling denominated Money Market Fund index reported a 7-day annualised yield of 4.12% as of April 25, compared with some bank interest rates still stuck below 1%. The euro-denominated equivalent was 2.81%.
Data from Refinitiv Lipper showed more than 34 billion euros ($37.6 billion) of net flows into European money market funds in March, the best-selling asset type that month.
The fund class was already worth more than 1.4 trillion euros at the end of last year although it remains tiny compared to the 9.45 trillion euros held in current, or checking, accounts at banks across the euro zone.
Fidelity International also reported an 8% year-on-year uplift in flows into money market funds on its investment platform between Jan. 1 and April 26.
Senior bankers have been dismissive of the threat posed by lower deposits, in a region where consumer interest groups claim people are more likely to dump spouses than banks.
Asked about a 1.6% decline in deposits in the first quarter, UniCredit CEO Andrea Orcel said the bank had such a solid liquidity position – with a coverage ratio of 163% – it could afford to chase profitability in managing its deposit base.
The broader fall in deposits may also help banks balance their liabilities – chiefly what they owe depositors – against a future fall in their assets, as demand for loans shows signs of a slowdown.
But lenders must also ensure they have sufficient liquidity and capital on hand to cover lending bets which can suddenly turn sour.
Most banks boast liquidity and capital levels above regulatory requirements but the demise of US lender Silicon Valley Bank and Switzerland’s Credit Suisse are cautionary tales of what can happen when customers desert lenders at greater pace.
In Britain, NatWest customers withdrew 11.1 billion pounds in the first three months of the year, HSBC’s deposits excluding one-off inflows dropped by $10 billion to $1.6 trillion, while Barclays and Lloyds Banking Group recorded falls of 5 billion and 2.2 billion pounds respectively.
In Germany, Bundesbank data showed households’ deposits dropped nearly 8% from a year earlier, with Deutsche Bank, the country’s largest bank, partly attributing its own 4.7% fall in the first quarter to contagion fears from the banking crisis in the United States and Switzerland.—ReutersJohn O’Donnell and Tom Sims, "Fed up with shrinking savings, Europeans drain billions from banks," Business recorder. 2023-05-05.
Keywords: Economics , Silicon valley bank , Deutsche Bank , Traditional bank , Pakistan , United States , Switzerland , Germany , HSBC , US