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Pakistan’s carbon trade test

The European Union’s Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) is poised to reshape its international trade dynamics by introducing a carbon price on imports of specific goods. This measure is designed…

A revisit of trade components critical

Exports fuel domestic productivity and therefore employment and at the same time constitute the most desired form of earning foreign exchange. Pakistan’s exports are consumer based and traditional – rice,…

How to reform trade

Pakistan’s economy faces a pivotal juncture, marked by the imperative need to reassess its import tariff structure. Recent trade data underscores the urgency for policy reforms to stimulate economic growth,…

Investigating under-invoicing with trade data

Red herring or red flag? Nazish Afraz “There is nothing more deceptive than an obvious fact” Sir A. C. Doyle The Pakistan Business Council wrote to the Minister of Finance…

Illicit trade damaging country’s economy

Smugglers employ a range of routes and tactics to engage in the illicit trade of goods in and out of Pakistan. These methods encompass land routes through the rugged mountainous…