111 510 510 libonline@riphah.edu.pk Contact

Fertilizer: a subsidy for dealers?

For a very long time, the government has been supplying gas at a subsidized rate to fertilizer companies (mainly to urea manufacturing plants where natural gas is the chief raw…

Principle of proportionality

The main purpose of international law is to foster justice, stability and peace globally, since international law regulates relations among nations and their citizens to provide them with enhanced protection…

Impartial accountability of all

Accountability is a key component of effective governance. It not only strengthens the foundations of democracy but also helps towards improving efficiency of government operations. Likewise, transparency provides essential and…

Two parties

The PML-N and the PPP are stuck in the 20th century while voters have embraced the ideas and values of the 21st century. This growing disparity between two of Pakistan’s…

All about electoral participation

As elections are likely to be held in January 2024, there is renewed talk about improving electoral participation and making elections credible. On that basis, a discussion paper by Tahir…

Reversing Article 370

The Supreme Court of India, under the leadership of Chief Justice DY Chandrachud, has commenced daily hearings on petitions concerning the legality of the BJP government’s decision to revoke the…

‘Partial Law’

Neither explicitly martial nor ethic-ally civil, Pakistan in 2023 is experiencing an unsavoury blend of both forms — which can be termed ‘Partial Law’. The inherently authoritarian aspect of the military, newly intensified by the 9th May violence,…

Starting at the very beginning

We ask why our society has become such a brutal one. Why do people fight so often for petty issues – and in some cases even kill each other or…