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Analysing the implementation of political manifestos

Since 1950, Pakistan has undergone significant political changes, alternating between military and civilian rules. After 1990, the major political parties like PML-N (Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz), PPP (Pakistan People’s Party), and…

Without political engineering

Several historians have attempted to answer the ‘What if?’ question about key historical events, creating a genre known as counterfactual history or hypothetical history. The idea behind this effort is…

Is it geopolitical pressure?

This past weekend, the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) hosted the Shangri La Dialogue – the Asia security summit it hosts in Singapore each year and has been doing…

Geopolitical reordering

The geopolitical reordering of the world cannot simply be achieved through war or challenging the West’s political influence in its various global domains. The economic component is possibly the most…

Administration of justice

Late Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi, in his famous poem 'stone' said: "there is a stone of the statute of justice too, but that can be carved only with the axe of…