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National education emergency

In large-scale systems (such as in mega corporations or governments of large countries like Pakistan) with many, many thousands of moving parts, it is always extremely difficult to tell signal…

SOEs: performance & accountability

The World Bank’s recent report, titled ‘Pakistan Development Update, fiscal impact of Federal State-Owned Enterprises’, highlights a significant improvement in our economy, attributed mainly to enhanced and better management strategies,…

Corruption, justice and accountability

Pakistan’s ranking on the global Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), announced this week by the Berlin-based corruption watchdog, Transparency International, shows that during 2023 the country’s ranking was 133 while the…

Need for reforms and accountability

Corruption will continue to thrive until justice systems can punish wrongdoing and keep governments in check. When justice is bought or politically interfered with, it is the people that suffer.…

Impartial accountability of all

Accountability is a key component of effective governance. It not only strengthens the foundations of democracy but also helps towards improving efficiency of government operations. Likewise, transparency provides essential and…

The accountability question

Lately, Pakistan’s superior judiciary has been in the limelight due to various legal, constitutional, and political developments in the country. There is discourse around some much-needed judicial accountability. In this…

IMF and the ideal of accountability

The international lending agencies are often under criticism that they dole out loans to developing countries while foregoing due diligence of the systems set-up for the transparency of purposeful utilisation…

Accountability of the educator

Everyone who is even a little bit familiar with how governance works knows that only those systems work that can be held accountable. Absolute power corrupts absolutely. There is a…

Accountability amendments

Amendments in the National Accountability Ordinance, (NAO) 1999 (XVIII of 1999) through the National Accountability (Second Amendment) Act, 2022 are in conformity with constitutional commands and various verdicts of the…