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Resolving conflicts

The Gaza conflict has currently divided the international community. I believe that human society has witnessed – and continues to face – horrific conflicts over various issues. Historically, the use…

Water conflicts

The reasons for the collapse of the ancient Indus Valley riverine Civilisation are unclear, but most experts are agreed it was probably water scarcity due to the change in course…

Interests And The Ruling Elite

Interests and the ruling elite

The recent statement of Indian Prime Minister Nanendra Modi regarding the importance to have French-made Rafale fighter jets has fuelled speculations that in modern democracies executives merely serve as members…

Intra-elite Conflicts

Intra-elite conflicts

Intra-elite conflicts in polities subject to elite capture can be great news for ordinary folk if they come with a promise of shaking things up and introducing systemic changes. Is…

Conflicts In Cyberspace

Conflicts in cyberspace

In ‘What Really Matters in “Defending Forward”’, published in Lawfare on November 26, 2018, Lyu Jinghua offers a thoughtful analysis of America’s “defending forward” posture in cyberspace. The article follows…

Beyond The Conflicts Trade Liberalization

Beyond the conflicts Trade liberalization

Saying that "competition in business is a blessing, for without it we wouldn't be motivated to improve" instigates me. Relate it with the current arguments made against Pakistan Indian Trade…

Comprehensive security

Daunting challenges await the new governments as they get ready to assume the reins of power. In particular, the new federal government will face an extremely difficult situation as it…

Corruption, justice and accountability

Pakistan’s ranking on the global Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), announced this week by the Berlin-based corruption watchdog, Transparency International, shows that during 2023 the country’s ranking was 133 while the…

Beyond colonial legacies—I

The economic crisis in Pakistan primarily stems from two critical issues: the absence of constitutional governance and widespread bad governance. These core problems have led to a significant disconnection between…