111 510 510 libonline@riphah.edu.pk Contact

Managing energy imports to save forex reserves

Pakistan relies on imports for 49 percent of its primary energy supplies, which strains its already limited foreign exchange reserves. As of April 2023, Pakistan’s total net reserves were US$…

Falling exports and imports

The February figures of exports, imports and balance of trade have just been released. They tell a story of extreme contraction in the volume of trade. Cumulatively, over the first…

Growth in imports

The information on the composition of imports from July 21 to March 22 was released recently by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS). Over the nine-month period imports have shown…

Europe new ‘hotspot’ for arms imports

Europe saw the world’s biggest rise in arms imports in the past five years, a trend set to accelerate following recent rearmament commitments amid the threat posed by Russia, researchers…