111 510 510 libonline@riphah.edu.pk Contact

The ebb of external inflows

The Ministry of Economic Affairs has released the statement of May 2023 on Disbursement of Foreign Economic Assistance to Pakistan in the first eleven months of 2022-23. The year 2022-23…

Breakdown of external economic relations

The fact that Pakistan is currently operating under an IMF (International Monetary Fund) programme, under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF), should have been a source of comfort to external sources…

Growth in external debt

The external debt of Pakistan stands at $113.8 billion as of the end of September 2020. It has registered an increase of only $0.9 billion in this quarter. Therefore, there…

External dependence

A COUNTRY may be free to shape its foreign relations but the scope of choice is limited particularly for small powers. Enmity does not require permission but friendship is by…

Inflow of external financing

Pakistan's external debt and liabilities first crossed the level of $100 billion in March 2019. Consequently, the external debt to GDP ratio reached the peak of over 36 percent. Bulk…