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Inflow of external financing

Pakistan's external debt and liabilities first crossed the level of $100 billion in March 2019. Consequently, the external debt to GDP ratio reached the peak of over 36 percent. Bulk…

Financing of external payments

The outstanding external debt of Pakistan crossed the century mark early this year. It stands as of the end of March 2019 at $105.8 billion, according to the figures released…

The ebb of external inflows

The Ministry of Economic Affairs has released the statement of May 2023 on Disbursement of Foreign Economic Assistance to Pakistan in the first eleven months of 2022-23. The year 2022-23…

Gross financing, and medium-term economic strategy

International Monetary Fund (IMF) Country Report No. 22/288, released in September 2022 – the last such report released, since there have been no successful programme reviews completed since then, given…

Breakdown of external economic relations

The fact that Pakistan is currently operating under an IMF (International Monetary Fund) programme, under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF), should have been a source of comfort to external sources…

Controlling inflation and financing deficits — I

In April 2020, Intern-ational Monetary Fund (IMF) managing director (MD) had reportedly called the Covid pandemic a ‘crisis like no other’, and a Guardian article ‘We are living through the…

External vulnerability index of countries

An External Vulnerability Index (EVI) has been constructed perhaps for the first time to highlight the variation in the risk among countries in meeting their external payment obligations. This also…