111 510 510 libonline@riphah.edu.pk Contact

Iran’s misery index

Over the past decade, per capita income has come down from $8,525 to under $3,000. Over the past six years, the riyal has fallen from 40,000 riyals to-a-dollar to 488,000…

High-tech export strategy

A 20-member delegation representing various sectors of Pakistan’s industry left for China on December 10, with the objective of enhancing Pakistan’s exports from the present shamefully low figure of $30…

Income inequality: export-led growth only solution

Pakistan is currently in difficult circumstances, grappling with deindustrialization and widespread unemployment. The country’s inflation rate at 36.4% has forced millions of families into subsistence conditions. Shockingly, 22% of the…

External vulnerability index of countries

An External Vulnerability Index (EVI) has been constructed perhaps for the first time to highlight the variation in the risk among countries in meeting their external payment obligations. This also…

Export slide: causes and implications – I

Multiple changes have been observed at the political and economic stages of Pakistan during the last four years. This period can be considered a surprising regime in the history of…

Foreign aid or export-led growth?

Pakistan’s total public debt rose to Rs36.3 trillion, which is equivalent to 87 per cent of the GDP, by the end of the previous fiscal year, and is anticipated to…

Barriers to export-led growth

Exports have been stagnant over the last decade in Pakistan, while competing economies have witnessed commendable growth rates in exports that have strengthened their economies considerably. Pakistan’s inward-oriented trade policies…