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Development Economics

Development economics

There has been a remarkable transformation in development economies during the past five decades. The accent has shifted from accelerated growth in output and consequent increase in Gross National Product…

Ethnic cohesion and development

Ethnic fragmentation is defined as the probability that two randomly selected people in a country will belong to two different ethnic groups (such as Baloch or Pashtun). Sovereign nation states…

A call for change and development

Reform, not begging, is the answer to all our economic and political problems. The question though is: which reform? The answers to this were discussed at a recent conference held…

Beyond macroeconomics

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) epitomizes a global economic paradigm rooted in inequality with little emphasis on inclusiveness. Advocates of this model argue that some degree of inequality is essential,…

Leadership and economics

Upon the conclusion of every single overseas visit I am filled with sadness and a deep sense of disillusionment. This is despite a divinely blessed deep reservoir of optimistic attitude…

Political economics

The ongoing political protests and marches organized by opposition political parties and interest groups against the government have started a new wave of demonstrations and rallies, with the government public…

Real clear economics

There is much confusion about our economic predicament. Yet, nothing could be clearer. On the security of the wealth and income of present and future generations, governments of Pakistan have…

Gender, security and development — II

Many African and Latin American states have faced these crises. Presently, the Indian policies of repression in Jammu and Kashmir are a vivid example of women torture, rape and widowhood.…

Managing the economics of a needed lockdown

The pandemic has badly hurt the country’s economy with real GDP growth rate, according to World Bank’s Global Economic Prospects report, is expected to be around negative 2.6 percent for…

The age of geo-economics

Pakistan’s economy needs to grow at an annual average rate of at least 10 per cent of the GDP over the next 10 to 15 years to be able to…