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No more doctrines

Conventionally, the word ‘doctrine’ has two meanings. A doctrine can be “a set of principles or beliefs, especially religious ones”. A doctrine can also be “a statement of official government…

Doctrine of peace

There are several international players active in our region who are in tussle with each other for increasing influence. However, the current Pakistani COAS General Qamar Javed Bajwa's military strategy…

Taxation: Doctrine of mutuality

It is an established principle that what is not “income” under the income tax law cannot be taxed, and where there is no sale of “goods” or providing and rendering…

Overriding ‘doctrine of mutuality’

Through the Finance Act, 2021 [“the Act”], the Parliament has made an amendment with retrospective application to override the well-established principle that what is not “income” under the income tax…

Biden’s China doctrine

As Biden was sworn in as the 46th president of the US on Jan 20, 2021, he took over a cataclysmic course of events – from the devastating surge of…

Treadmill doctrine

THE framing, advocacy, implementation and oversight of public policy is a primary governmental responsibility. One would think that with all the institutional machinery and resources at their disposal, governments would…

Benazir’s doctrine

July 3, 1972 – a historic midsummer day when the Simla Accord was signed between Z A Bhutto and his Indian counterpart Indra Gandhi. The Accord was a milestone success…

Resilience doctrine

Disasters are often used to centralize political and economic control, and thereby deepen human inequalities, as Naomi Klein described in her classic 2007 study The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of…

Doctrine of control – Part I

For several decades now, Pakistani society has operated under the doctrine of control vis-a-vis women. As a result, the human dignity of Pakistani women and the scope of protection given…