111 510 510 libonline@riphah.edu.pk Contact

Playground of empires

Sikhs were the last to lay arms. After Ranjit Singh’s death, palace intrigues and contest for power had weakened the formidable Sikh kingdom and after two bloody wars – one…

The ‘ethics’ of empire?

In 2017, a professor at Oxford University in the United Kingdom proposed a research project. The key thesis: that the empire as a historical phenomenon – distinct from an ideological…

From Empires To Democracies

From empires to democracies

There are multiple reasons for the gradual failure of almost all state institutions in Pakistan. But the more alarming thing is the attitude of our society. One argument that is…

From Empires To Democracies: Part-I

From empires to democracies: Part-I

The age of empires is gone, and empires have been replaced by ‘big powers’, which are mostly democracies. The simplest definition of democracy is: holding elections at certain intervals (four…

Imperial Decline: The End Of Empire

Imperial decline: the end of empire

Historians tend to measure the strength and significance of a nation on the basis of its conquest; military victories; and the number of people it has defeated by occupying their…

Media resistance in British India

In my previous article, ‘Discursive paradigm of resistance’ (August 8) published in these pages I discussed two major approaches of resistance: the coercive approach and the discursive approach. The coercive…

Resistance literature and the British Raj

Literature is traditionally considered a means of pleasure and enjoyment that focuses on beauty and spreads happiness in an artistic manner. This thesis is the guiding principle for the school…